Human trafficking takes a variety of forms throughout North Korea, but is primarily labour based and is utilized both internally and externally.
Workers earn little and can be forced to work up to twenty hours a day for their employers when working outside of North Korea's borders. These workers are typically employed in manual labour positions and serve as loggers and miners, but have been known to fulfill other functions as well such as being employed in the textile industry and as domestic servants.
The majority of the external North Korean workforce can be found in the northern reaches of Russia's Siberia and China, but workers have also been reported throughout Africa and the Middle East. In countries like Algeria, Libya, Ethiopia and Kuwait.
North Korea is thought to earn several billion dollars annually from their labour exports and despite increasing UN sanctions and crackdowns the practice seems to be spreading.